Preparing for an EPC Assessment: A Landlord’s Checklist

As a landlord, ensuring your property meets energy efficiency standards is not just a regulatory requirement but also a way to attract tenants and potentially increase your rental income.

An Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) is a crucial document that rates the energy efficiency of your property on a scale from A (most efficient) to G (least efficient).

Here’s a comprehensive checklist to help you prepare for an EPC assessment and achieve the best possible rating.

1. Understand the EPC Requirements

Before you begin preparations, familiarize yourself with the EPC requirements. An EPC is mandatory when a property is built, sold, or rented, and it remains valid for ten years.

Properties with an EPC rating below E may not be legally rented out, so aiming for a higher rating is advantageous.

2. Conduct a Preliminary Energy Audit

Start with a preliminary energy audit to identify areas where your property might be losing energy. You can do this yourself or hire a professional. Focus on the following aspects:

Insulation: Check if the loft, walls, and floors are properly insulated.
Windows and Doors: Inspect for drafts and consider double or triple glazing.
Heating System: Evaluate the efficiency of your boiler and radiators.
Lighting: Assess the use of energy-efficient lighting such as LEDs.

3. Improve Insulation

Proper insulation is one of the most effective ways to improve energy efficiency. Ensure that:

The loft has at least 270mm of insulation.
Cavity walls are insulated, if applicable.
Solid walls have either internal or external insulation.

4. Upgrade Heating Systems

A modern, efficient heating system can significantly boost your EPC rating. Consider the following upgrades:

Boiler: Replace old boilers with energy-efficient condensing boilers.
Heating Controls: Install programmable thermostats and thermostatic radiator valves.
Alternative Heating: Explore renewable heating options like heat pumps or solar panel systems.

5. Enhance Windows and Doors

Energy-efficient windows and doors reduce heat loss and drafts:

Windows: Install double or triple glazing and ensure window seals are intact.
Doors: Fit draught-proofing strips around doors and consider insulated doors for external entrances.

6. Upgrade Lighting

Switch to energy-efficient lighting throughout the property:

LED Bulbs: Replace incandescent bulbs with LEDs, which use less energy and have a longer lifespan.
Smart Lighting: Consider smart lighting systems that can be programmed to reduce energy use.

7. Consider Renewable Energy Sources

Integrating renewable energy sources can dramatically improve your property’s energy efficiency:

Solar Panels: Install photovoltaic panels to generate electricity.
Wind Turbines: If feasible, small wind turbines can be an option for rural properties.
Biomass Boilers: Use organic materials like wood pellets for heating.

8. Install Water-Saving Measures

Water efficiency also impacts energy use, particularly in heating water:

Low-Flow Fixtures: Install low-flow showerheads and taps.
Dual-Flush Toilets: Use toilets with dual-flush mechanisms to save water.

9. Maintain Your Property

Regular maintenance ensures your energy efficiency measures remain effective:

Boiler Servicing: Annual boiler servicing keeps the heating system running efficiently.
Draft-Proofing: Periodically check and replace draft-proofing around windows and doors.
Insulation: Inspect insulation for any wear and tear, especially in the loft.

10. Gather Documentation

Prepare all relevant documentation for the assessor:

Receipts and Guarantees: Keep records of all upgrades, installations, and maintenance.
Previous EPCs: Provide any previous EPCs for reference.
Building Plans: If available, these can help the assessor understand the property’s layout and construction.

11. Hire a Qualified Assessor

Choose a qualified and accredited EPC assessor. Recommendations from other landlords or online reviews can guide you in selecting a reliable professional.

12. Prepare for the Assessment Day

On the day of the assessment, ensure easy access to all areas of the property:

Clear Access: Make sure the assessor can access the loft, boiler, and all rooms.
Information: Be available to answer any questions and provide additional information if needed.


By following this checklist, you can effectively prepare for an EPC assessment and potentially achieve a higher energy efficiency rating.

Not only does this compliance satisfy legal requirements, but it also enhances your property’s appeal to energy-conscious tenants, ultimately contributing to long-term savings and increased rental value.

Stay proactive and committed to energy efficiency to reap these benefits.